Wednesday, December 28, 2011

Prevent default gateway route and resolv.conf being overwritten by DHCP

Prevent default gateway route and resolv.conf being overwritten by DHCP

  • /etc/dhclient.conf
    dhclient requires a configuration file, /etc/dhclient.conf. Typically the file contains only comments, the defaults being reasonably sane. This configuration file is described by the dhclient.conf(5) manual page.
  • /sbin/dhclient
    dhclient is statically linked and resides in /sbin. The dhclient(8) manual page gives more information about dhclient.
  • /sbin/dhclient-script
    dhclient-script is the FreeBSD-specific DHCP client configuration script. It is described in dhclient-script(8), but should not need any user modification to function properly.
  • /var/db/dhclient.leases
    The DHCP client keeps a database of valid leases in this file, which is written as a log. dhclient.leases(5) gives a slightly longer description.

# man dhclient

# man dhclient-script

# man dhclient.conf

# man dhclient.leases

# cat /var/db/dhclient.leases.fxp0

# less /sbin/dhclient-script

To connect to a DHCP server in the background while other startup continues (asynchronous mode), use the "DHCP" value in /etc/rc.conf:

# vim /etc/rc.conf

To pause startup while DHCP completes, use synchronous mode with the "SYNCDHCP" value:

# vim /etc/rc.conf

Note: preferred method.

Create a dhclient hook script:
# vim /etc/dhclient-enter-hooks
### these two functions below will prevent dhclient from deleting and adding routes.
### Have a look at /sbin/dhclient-script. You can redefine all the functions in dhclient-enter-hooks.
add_new_routes() {
return 0

delete_old_routes () {
return 0

### this will prevent /etc/resolv.conf being overwritten as it 'overloads' the function of dhclient.
add_new_resolv_conf() {
# We don't want /etc/resolv.conf changed
# So this is an empty function
return 0

Request dhcp lease renew:
# dhclient interface


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